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What Is Pelvic Floor Dysfunction?

Your pelvic floor muscles encompass the base of your pelvis, the end of your torso, and wrap around it. These muscles keep your organs in place and act as additional support for your body.

Sometimes, pelvic floor muscles aren’t as strong as they should be or have become too tight. The tightness of your pelvic floor muscles can lead to difficulty in coordinating them. This is referred to as pelvic floor dysfunction, a common condition that many women experience.

Causes of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

If you are experiencing pelvic floor dysfunction, you are not alone. There are several causes behind it, including hereditary factors, as well as:

  • Aging
  • Traumatic injuries to the pelvis
  • Pregnancy
  • Overuse
  • Pelvic surgery

Pelvic floor dysfunction is particularly common after giving birth, especially as pelvic floor muscles are strained throughout pregnancy and during long or difficult labor.

Another cause of pelvic floor dysfunction is interstitial cystitis, a chronic bladder infection that can cause pain in your pelvic floor and lead to dysfunction over time.

You can discuss your symptoms with your provider, who will review your medical history and discuss next steps with you. We are here to provide compassionate and judgment-free care.

Symptoms of Pelvic Floor Dysfunction

There are signs and symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction you can keep an eye out for, including:

  • Frequent need to pee, but you need to ‘force’ it out
  • Constipation or straining during bowel movements
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Painful urination
  • Leaking urine

Your provider may need to perform an exam or additional tests. It can be uncomfortable to talk about your pelvic floor and related symptoms like urinary incontinence, but our providers are here to help you feel as comfortable as possible.

When to Talk to Your Provider About Your Pelvic Floor

If you are experiencing symptoms like pelvic pain or urinary incontinence, let your provider know, even if you are unsure of the cause.

Some pelvic floor dysfunction symptoms and pain can be managed with medication or physical therapy, such as dilation and Kegel exercises. Your provider is there to discuss your symptoms and refer you to a specialist if needed. 

Contact Your Provider to Schedule an Appointment with a Specialist Today

If you’re experiencing any symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction or have questions about pelvic floor health, talk to your UWH of Michigan provider. We are here to listen and can help refer you to a specialist if needed. Schedule an appointment today.