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Tubal Ligation

Tubal ligation, also sometimes referred to as “getting your tubes tied,” is a surgical sterilization method that prevents pregnancy without removing your uterus. After tubal ligation, you will still get your period, but you will be unable to get pregnant. This procedure can be done in a surgical outpatient center or hospital, and you can go home the same day.

Sterilization does not protect against STIs or HIV. To protect yourself from infections, you will still need to use a barrier method, like a condom. Regular testing can also help you stay aware of your current health status.

How Does Tubal Ligation Work?

Tubal ligation permanently closes off or removes pieces of your fallopian tubes. If your fallopian tubes are removed completely, this is called a bilateral salpingectomy, which is a form of tubal sterilization. Both methods prevent an egg from moving from the ovary, down the fallopian tube, and into the uterus, where it would be fertilized.

Sterilization procedures are commonly completed laparoscopically while you’re under anesthesia. Your provider will make a small incision near or in your belly button. Using a small camera, your provider will find and cut or remove your fallopian tubes. You won’t feel anything during the procedure, although you may feel some discomfort while recovering. Your provider will do their best to keep you comfortable throughout the recovery process.

Tubal ligation is effective immediately. Less than 1 in 100 women get pregnant within one year of having surgery.1

Postpartum Tubal Ligation

If you know you’d like your current pregnancy to be your last, postpartum sterilization is an option. This form of sterilization can be performed after you’ve given birth and before you leave the hospital. If you have a cesarean section, it can be done as soon as your baby is born.

Postpartum tubal ligation is primarily done via a procedure called a mini-laparotomy. A small incision is made in your abdomen, allowing your provider to remove or block your fallopian tubes. If you have a cesarean section, the procedure will be completed through the incision made to deliver your baby. Depending on what you and your provider decide, sterilization can be done under general or regional anesthesia.

The procedure takes about 30 minutes and does not extend your hospital stay. You can still go home with your baby and begin adjusting to your new life. Your provider is here to help if you have questions about your recovery.

Explore Permanent Birth Control Options

If you want to discuss permanent birth control with your UWH of Michigan provider, schedule an appointment. We will help you determine if permanent birth control is right for you. Contact us to schedule an appointment today.